The brutal 2006 attack on Lebanon was precipitated on the excuse that two captured Israeli soldiers were being held by Hezbollah following a rocket attack and incursion into northern Israel. The conflict killed over a thousand people, mostly Lebanese civilians, severely damaged Lebanese civil infrastructure, and displaced approximately one million Lebanese.
Investigative Journalist Seymour Hersch reported in the New Yorker that this attack had been pre-planned by the IDF and the Pentagon, awaiting a credible pretext, in order to test the effectiveness of air power against underground defenses as a test for a possible attack on Iran, and to disable Hezbollah which would predictably counter-attack Israel in the event of such an attack on Iran. The war failed their purposes on both counts but inflicted a terrible price on the civilian population of Lebanon. We owe a debt of gratitude to Hezbollah for aborting a possible attack on Iran.
Demand Freedom, Justice and Equality in the Holy Land